Dulce Carolina Lopez
Allied Health Counselor
firstname.lastname@example.org for appointment.
A Phlebotomy Technician (Phlebotomist) is an integral member of the medical laboratory team. The primary function of a phlebotomy technician is the collection of blood samples from patients by venipuncture or capillary puncture (micro-collection techniques). Phlebotomy technicians facilitate the collecting, transporting and handling of laboratory specimens. The phlebotomy profession mandates that strict professional behavior and standards of practice be followed to assure specimen quality and patient safety. Phlebotomy technicians may seek employment in inpatient hospital laboratories, outpatient laboratories, medical clinics, and physician offices.
The Phlebotomy Training Program is designed to prepare students to obtain blood specimens by capillary puncture and venipuncture using proper techniques and skills on adults, children and infants. Students in the phlebotomy program are at risk of exposure to potentially infectious blood and body fluids.
During the program students will learn proper collection, transport and handling of blood and blood collection equipment, capillary and venipuncture collection. The phlebotomy training program will also cover pre-analytic complications, specimen collection procedures and collection from adult, geriatric and pediatric patients. Laboratory training and a directed clinical practice (externship) are included in the program to reinforce the didactic content.
Students who successfully complete the one semester Phlebotomy Training Program will receive a Certificate of Performance are eligible to apply for California state licensure as a Certified Phlebotomy Technician 1 (CPT1) after passing a certification exam.
The new California regulations were signed and became effective April 9, 2003. You may obtain a state certificate by following the three-step process: (1) take classroom instruction from an approved phlebotomy training program, (2) pass a written certification examination, and (3) submit an application form to the state with the required documents and fees.
For more information please go to http://www.dhs.ca.gov/ps/ls/lfsb/html/phlebotomy.htm
Aptitudes of Phlebotomy Technicians
The phlebotomy technician is a person who is:
- A team player
- A life-long learner
- Flexible and interested in people
- Service oriented
- Able to work with a diverse population
- Responsible and reliable
- Able to face challenges
- Able to work well under pressure
- Able to communicate effectively
- Able to calm patients
- Capable of sound judgment and self control
- Competent both visually and auditory
Candidates for the Phlebotomy Training Program must be able to:
- Stand for 60+ minutes (up to 4 hours) on a tiled or carpeted surface.
- Sit or stand in class or clinic for up to 8 hours per day.
- Sit for 50 minutes on a chair at a table or desk.
- Demonstrate the physical and emotional capacity to work a 40-hour work week while at clinical affiliation.
- Recognize and respond appropriately to individuals of all ages, genders, races and all socioeconomic, religious and cultural backgrounds.
- Identify non-verbal cues of patients.
- Respond immediately to patient’s facial expressions and grimaces and take quick decisive action.
- See details at close range (near vision).
- Bend, stoop, or crouch to reach a low object.
- Rotate trunk (spine) from side to side.
- Rotate forearms to turn knobs and levers.
- Manipulate small size objects such as small dials and switches, needles and syringes, hospital gown ties, individual keys on a keyboard, etc..
- Demonstrate proper postures, body mechanics, ergonomics, and lifting techniques.
- Move with adequate agility and speed to ensure patient safety.
- SEE: all spectrums of colors, read printed information; read small control panels; observe patient skin and coloration before, during and after treatment; read patient identification and medical records on paper and computer screens; observe that the work area is free of obstacles, etc.
- HEAR: patient and healthcare team questions/comments face to face and without being face-to- face; faint cries for help, emergency call bells, equipment timers, etc.
- SPEAK: give exam instructions to patients/family members; clarify patient identification and history; provide patient and peer instructions in emergency situations, etc.
- TACTILE: feel hot and cold sensations, feel liquid that may spill or touch any part of your body, feel pressure such as to avoid accidentally touching or bumping a sterile field with any part of your body
- Meet class standards for successful course completion.
- Demonstrate good cognitive, memory and problem solving skills.
- Behave in an ethically sound, competent, compassionate, and professional manner in the classroom, lab and at the clinical site.
- Complete tasks accurately and in a timely manner.
- Demonstrate excellent verbal communication skills.
Phlebotomy Technicians are in high-demand. Job opportunities are expected to be excellent. Employment for phlebotomy technicians is expected to be above average for allied health occupations.
Probable Salary Range for San Diego County
The median wage for Phlebotomists in California is $45,391 annually, or $21.83 hourly (LMI-2019). Average phlebotomy technician salaries can vary greatly due to company, location, industry, experience and benefits.
*California requires all Phlebotomy Technicians to be certified and to have a state license.